Background on War & Peace

War & Peace topics in the 2020 election cycle:

Religion and Ethnicity


In 1999, the US and NATO negotiated with Milosevic in Rambouillet, France, attempting to resolve the Kosovo crisis without ethnic cleansing or war. The goal was to be a 'Rambouillet Agreement' fashioned after the Dayton Agreement that ended the war in Bosnia. The peace talks failed, and NATO bombed Serbia and Kosovo from March to June 1999. Milosevic capitulated; the Serbian Army left Kosovo; and NATO, Russian, and UN troops are now stationed there under the 'KFOR' banner.

Click for citations and references on War & Peace:
  • The Hill, "War in the Caucasus: What happens without US leadership," by Stephen Blank, 10/20/20
  • International Crisis Group, "Chechnya: The Inner Abroad," 30 June 2015
  • State Department press release, "Crimea Is Ukraine," by Michael R. Pompeo, Secretary of State, February 26, 2020
  • Brookings Institute, "Crimea: Six years after illegal annexation," by Steven Pifer, March 17, 2020
  • The Guardian, "Trump's Afghanistan withdrawal announcement takes US officials by surprise," Emma Graham-Harrison and Julian Borger, 8 Oct 2020
  • Friends Committee, "Costs of War: By the Numbers," March 15, 2011
  • N.Y.Times, "U.S. Sending More Troops to Syria to Counter the Russians," by Eric Schmitt, Oct. 26, 2020
  • Brookings Institution, "A European security force in Syria is a courageous idea," by Constanze Stelzenmueller, October 30, 2019
  • Military Times, "US plans further troop reductions in Iraq by November," by Robert Burns, August 30, 2020
  • North Atlantic Traty Organization, "NATO and Afghanistan," 13 Oct. 2020
  • Quartz, "The legality of targeting Soleimani depends on these questions," by Ephrat Livni, January 9, 2020
  •, "The Killing of General Soleimani--A Blatant Violation of International Laws," by Archit Shukla, April 14, 2020
  • Times of Israel, "Plans for over 2,700 more settlement homes advanced--making 5,000 in 2 days," 15 October 2020
  • Palestine U.N. Observer, "Israeli Settlements and Other Violations," 15 October 2020
  • Reuters, "Why is the U.S. moving its embassy to Jerusalem?," by Stephen Farrell, May 7, 2018
  •, "The controversial US Jerusalem embassy opening, explained," by Alexia Underwood, May 16, 2018
Other candidates on War & Peace: Background on other issues:
2020 Presidential Democratic Primary Candidates:
V.P.Joe Biden (D-DE)
Mayor Mike Bloomberg (I-NYC)
Mayor Pete Buttigieg (D-IN)
Sen.Cory Booker (D-NJ)
Secy.Julian Castro (D-TX)
Rep.John Delaney (D-MD)
Rep.Tulsi Gabbard (D-HI)
Sen.Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)
Gov.Deval Patrick (D-MA)
Sen.Bernie Sanders (I-VT)
CEO Tom Steyer (D-CA)
Sen.Elizabeth Warren (D-MA)

2020 GOP and Independent Candidates:
CEO Don Blankenship (C-WV)
Gov.Larry Hogan (R-MD)
Gov.John Kasich (R-OH)
V.P.Mike Pence (R-IN)
Gov.Mark Sanford (R-SC)
CEO Howard Schultz (I-WA)
Pres.Donald Trump (R-NY)
Gov.Jesse Ventura (I-MN)
V.C.Arvin Vohra (L-MD)
Rep.Joe Walsh (R-IL)
Gov.Bill Weld (L-MA)

2020 Withdrawn Democratic Candidates:
State Rep.Stacey Abrams (D-GA)
Sen.Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY)
Sen.Kamala Harris (D-CA)
Gov.John Hickenlooper (D-CO)
Gov.Jay Inslee (D-WA)
Mayor Wayne Messam (D-FL)
Rep.Seth Moulton (D-MA)
Rep.Beto O`Rourke (D-TX)
Adm.Joe Sestak (D-PA)
Rep.Eric Swalwell (D-CA)
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